10 Natural Home Remedies for Kidney Stones Treatment, Pain and Prevention

Types of Kidney Stones

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Kidney stones, also called nephrolithiasis are a painful trouble that affects millions and often leads sufferers to seek effective remedies and prevention strategies. In this article, we have explored dietary changes, expert insights, and natural home remedies for kidney stones, to reduce discomfort, and shield against their recurrence.

Types of Kidney Stones

Kidney stones can vary in composition, with four primary types:

1. Calcium Oxalate Stones

These are the most common type and form when calcium combines with oxalate in the urine. Some preventive measures for calcium oxalate stones were studied in NCBI. The dietary modifications discussed in the article are worth mentioning here for you:

To prevent calcium oxalate stones, it is essential to increase urine volume through adequate fluid intake, specifically 2.5–3 liters per day. The type of fluids ingested matters, as coffee and beer potentially reduce stone risk, while grapefruit juice may increase it. Dietary calcium intake is important, as studies suggest it inhibits oxalate absorption, with higher calcium diets associated with lower stone recurrence rates.

Calcium supplements, especially calcium citrate, can be beneficial if dietary calcium cannot be increased. Limiting foods high in oxalate, especially those frequently shown to raise urine oxalate levels, is recommended, along with moderating vitamin C supplements. Reducing dietary sodium and minimizing animal protein intake, keeping it under 80 g per day, may also help prevent calcium oxalate stones.

Some foods suggested by researchers that may increase the risk of oxalate stones are given below:

Foods mostly responsible for raising urine oxalate levels:

  • Rhubarb
  • Dark Green Leafy Vegetables (e.g., Spinach, Chard, Arugula)
  • Beets
  • Wheat Bran
  • Nuts Seeds
  • Soy Products
  • Chocolate
  • Strawberries

Source: Massey L et al. J am Diet Assoc 1993; 93:901-6.

2. Uric Acid Stones

High levels of uric acid in the urine can lead to these stones, often associated with gout. Eating a lot of fish, shellfish, and meat may increase the risk of uric acid in urine and lead to uric acid stones in the kidneys, as discussed in the NIDDK.

3. Struvite Stones

Typically results from urinary tract infections, causing magnesium ammonium phosphate stones to form.
Struvite urinary stones happen when certain germs in the urine produce ammonia. These germs can infect the urinary tract and change urea into ammonia, which makes the urine more alkaline. When there’s too much ammonia, it combines with phosphate and magnesium ions, leading to the formation of struvite stones. This happens because of the alkaline urine and the extra ammonia in it. Read further on ScienceDirect.

4. Cystine Stones

Genetic factors can lead to the formation of these rare cystine stones.
If you want to gain in-depth knowledge about the types of kidney stones and how to prevent them check out a research article on ScienceDirect.

Home Remedies for Kidney Stones
Image source: Peerapen, P., & Thongboonkerd, V. (2023). Kidney Stone Prevention. Advances in Nutrition, 14(3), 555-569.

Symptoms of Kidney Stones

Recognizing the symptoms of kidney stones is crucial for timely intervention. Common indicators include:

Severe Pain

Intense, often excruciating pain in the back, side, lower abdomen, or groin.

Blood in Urine

Pink, red, or brown urine is a sign of internal bleeding.

Frequent Urination

Urgency and increased frequency, accompanied by discomfort.

Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea and vomiting may occur due to pain and discomfort.

Cloudy or Foul-Smelling Urine

Changes in urine appearance and odor may be noticeable. Understanding the types and symptoms of kidney stones is the first step toward effective management and prevention.

Natural Home Remedies for Kidney Stones

When it comes to managing kidney stones naturally, several remedies can help alleviate pain and facilitate the passage of stones. Here are some effective options:

1. Lemon Juice

Lemon juice contains citric acid, which helps break down kidney stones and prevent their formation, as also suggested by SUMMIT Medical Clinic. Squeeze the juice of a fresh lemon into a glass of water and drink it daily.

2. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar may help dissolve kidney stones and reduce pain due to the acetic acid present in it. It is also found to prevent the reoccurrence of the stones as suggested by Healthline and NCBI.

Mix one-to-two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar in a glass of water and drink it regularly.

3. Pomegranate Juice

Home Remedies for Kidney Stones

Pomegranate juice is rich in antioxidants and may help prevent the formation of kidney stones. Drink a glass of fresh pomegranate juice daily. To make a pomegranate juice you will have to follow these steps.

  • Choose Ripe Pomegranates: Select pomegranates that are heavy for their size, indicating they are ripe and juicy. Then rinse the pomegranates thoroughly under cold running water to remove any dirt or debris on the outer skin.
  • Cut the Pomegranates: Slice off the crown (the top part with a small knob). Score the skin of the pomegranate by making shallow cuts from the crown to the base, following the natural ridges.
  • Break Apart the Sections: Gently pull the pomegranate apart along the scored lines. It should be broken into sections.
  • Extract the Seeds (Arils): Hold each section over a large bowl, cut side down.
    Tap the back of the pomegranate with a wooden spoon or your fingers to release the seeds
  • (arils) into the bowl. Continue this process for all the sections.
  • Remove Any Pith: After extracting the seeds, you may notice some white pith floating in the bowl. Use a spoon to skim it off and discard it.
  • Blend the Seeds: Transfer the pomegranate seeds (arils) into a blender or food processor.
  • Blend: Pulse the seeds a few times to break them open and release the juice. Be cautious not to over-blend, as you don’t want to pulverize the seeds, which could make the juice bitter.
  • Strain the Juice: Place a fine-mesh strainer or cheesecloth over a clean bowl or jug. Pour the blended mixture into the strainer, allowing the juice to pass through while capturing the pulp and seeds.
  • Press to Extract Juice: Use a spoon to gently press down on the pulp in the strainer to extract as much juice as possible.
  • Serve: Pour the freshly extracted pomegranate juice into a glass or container. Optional Sweetening (if desired):If you find the juice too tart, you can add a touch of honey, sugar, or agave syrup and stir until it’s to your preferred level of sweetness.
  • Enjoy: Serve the pomegranate juice immediately, either chilled or with ice cubes.

4. Basil Leaves

Basil contains compounds that help dissolve kidney stones and reduce pain. Crush a few basil leaves and mix them with honey. Consume this mixture regularly. You may also use it as tea or juice as suggested by Healthline.

5. Dandelion Root Tea

Dandelion root tea acts as a diuretic and may help flush out kidney stones. Steep dandelion root tea in hot water and drink it several times a day.

6. Watermelon

Watermelon is high in water content, which helps keep you hydrated and may prevent stone formation. Also suggested by Mayo Clinic News Network.

Simply enjoy fresh watermelon or blend it into a refreshing smoothie.

7. Kidney Bean Broth

Kidney bean broth may help dissolve and flush out kidney stones. Boil kidney beans in water, strain the liquid, and drink it.

8. Wheatgrass Juice

Natural Home Remedies for Kidney Stones Treatment

Wheatgrass juice may help alkalize urine and reduce the risk of stone formation. The use of wheatgrass juice is also suggested by Healthline. Juice fresh wheatgrass and consume it regularly. To prepare a wheatgrass juice at home try this recipe.

  • Harvest or Purchase Fresh Wheatgrass: You can either grow your own wheatgrass at home using wheatgrass seeds and a tray or purchase fresh wheatgrass from a reputable source. Ensure it’s free from pesticides and contaminants.
  • Rinse the Wheatgrass: Place the wheatgrass under cool running water to rinse off any dust, dirt, or impurities. Gently shake or pat it dry with a clean towel or paper towel.
  • Prepare the Juicer: Set up a juicer specifically designed for extracting juice from leafy greens and grasses. Wheatgrass requires a juicer with a narrow chute and high-speed capability.
  • Juice the Wheatgrass: Bundle small amounts of wheatgrass together and feed them into the juicer’s chute. Use the juicer’s plunger to push the wheatgrass through. Collect the freshly extracted wheatgrass juice in a clean container or glass.
  • Add Flavor (Optional) and Serve: If desired, you can add a squeeze of lemon juice or other flavorings to the wheatgrass juice to enhance its taste. Serve the wheatgrass juice immediately for the freshest taste and maximum nutritional benefits.

9. Celery Seed Tea

Celery seed tea acts as a diuretic and may help prevent kidney stones. Steep celery seeds in hot water, strain, and drink the tea.

10. Hydration: The Key to Prevention

Adequate hydration is the cornerstone of kidney stone prevention. It plays a vital role in diluting urine and preventing the concentration of minerals that can lead to stone formation. Proper hydration helps maintain the overall health of the urinary tract and facilitates the natural passage of small stones.

To prevent kidney stones, aim to drink at least 8-10 glasses (approximately 2.5 to 3 liters) of water daily. Increase your fluid intake during hot weather or after physical activity to compensate for fluid loss through sweat.

Incorporate hydrating beverages like herbal teas, diluted fruit juices, and clear broths into your daily routine.

Dietary Changes for Kidney Stone Prevention.

In addition to these remedies, dietary changes play a crucial role in kidney stone prevention. Consider the following:

  • Low Oxalate Diet: Reduce consumption of high-oxalate foods like spinach, beet greens, and chocolate.
  • Calcium-Rich Foods: Include calcium-rich foods to bind with oxalates and prevent stone formation.
  • Magnesium-Rich Foods: Magnesium can inhibit stone formation; opt for foods like nuts, seeds, and leafy greens.
  • Avoiding High-Purine Foods: Reduce purine-rich foods like organ meats to prevent uric acid stones.
  • Limiting Sodium Intake: Excess sodium can lead to calcium buildup in the urine; limit salt intake.

Making these dietary changes and incorporating natural remedies can significantly reduce the risk of kidney stone formation and alleviate associated pain.

Lifestyle Tips to Prevent Kidney Stones

Preventing kidney stones goes beyond remedies and diet; your lifestyle choices play a vital role too:

  • Stay Active and Maintain a Healthy Weight: Regular exercise helps prevent obesity, which is a risk factor for kidney stones.
  • Manage Stress: High stress levels can contribute to kidney stone formation; practice stress-reduction techniques.
  • Quit Smoking and Moderate Alcohol Consumption: Smoking and excessive alcohol intake can increase the risk of kidney stones; consider quitting smoking and drinking in moderation.

Herbal Supplements and Kidney Stone Prevention

Certain herbal supplements may aid in kidney stone prevention:

  • Chanca Piedra: Known as the “stone breaker” herb, it may help break down kidney stones.
  • Nettle Leaf: Nettle leaf tea can act as a diuretic, potentially aiding stone removal.
  • Horsetail: Horsetail extract may help prevent calcium-based kidney stones.

The Role of Hydration in Kidney Stone Prevention

One of the most critical factors in kidney stone prevention is adequate hydration. Drinking enough water dilutes urine and prevents minerals from crystallizing. Aim to consume at least 8-10 glasses of water daily, and increase your intake during hot weather or after physical activity.

When to Consult a Healthcare Professional

Natural Home Remedies for Kidney Stones

While natural remedies and lifestyle changes can be effective, it’s essential to recognize when to seek professional help:

  • Severe or Prolonged Pain: If you experience severe or persistent pain, it may indicate a larger stone or complications.
  • Complications: Signs of infection or blockage, such as fever, chills, or blood in urine, require immediate medical attention.
  • Recurrent Kidney Stones:If you’ve had multiple kidney stones, consult a urologist for a comprehensive evaluation and prevention plan.

What is the fastest way to dissolve a kidney stone?

The fastest way to dissolve a kidney stone naturally is by staying well-hydrated and drinking plenty of water to encourage the stone to pass through the urinary tract. Lemon juice or apple cider vinegar may also help due to their citric acid content.

What natural remedy removes kidney stones?

Natural remedies like lemon juice, apple cider vinegar, and herbal teas such as dandelion root tea can help dissolve and remove kidney stones over time. However, results may vary, and it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional for severe cases.

What foods help clear kidney stones?

Foods rich in citric acid, like lemons and oranges, can help prevent and clear kidney stones. Additionally, maintaining a low-oxalate diet, consuming calcium-rich foods, and staying well-hydrated can support kidney stone clearance.

How do you flush a kidney stone in 24 hours?

While it may not be possible to completely flush a kidney stone in 24 hours, staying hydrated and drinking water throughout the day can help facilitate the passage of a small stone. However, consult a doctor for guidance on your specific situation.

What drink breaks down kidney stones?

What natural remedy removes kidney stones?

Lemon juice, apple cider vinegar, and watermelon juice are known for their potential to break down kidney stones due to their citric acid content and hydrating properties.

Is Egg good for kidney stones?

Eggs are generally considered safe for individuals with kidney stones. They are a good source of protein and do not contain high levels of oxalates, which can contribute to stone formation.

What fruit can remove kidney stones?

Fruits like lemons, oranges, and pomegranates, which are rich in citric acid, may help dissolve and prevent kidney stones.

What fruits stop kidney stones?

Fruits rich in citric acid, such as lemons, oranges, and grapefruits, can help inhibit the formation of kidney stones by binding with calcium and preventing crystallization in the urinary tract. Drinking their juices or consuming the fruits themselves can be beneficial.

Conclusion

In conclusion, kidney stones can be excruciating and disruptive, but with a proactive approach, you can manage their symptoms, prevent their recurrence, and improve your overall kidney health. Natural home remedies, dietary adjustments, lifestyle changes, and expert guidance can collectively empower you to take control of your kidney stone journey. Remember to stay hydrated, make healthier dietary choices, and seek medical advice when needed. By doing so, you can minimize the impact of kidney stones on your life and well-being.

Also Read: 8 Effective Home Remedies For Diabetic Foot Pain

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