4 Effective Home Remedies for Removal Of Blackheads

4 Effective Home Remedies for Removal Of Blackheads

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Blackheads, medically known as open comedones, are small, dark bumps that appear on the skin’s surface. They are a type of acne lesion caused by clogged hair follicles. Blackheads get their dark color from the oxidation of melanin (the skin’s pigment) and are a common skin concern. Here are a few home remedies for removal of blackheads.

How Blackheads Form on the Skin?

Blackheads form when excess sebum (oil) (discussed in a 2016 study), dead skin cells, and bacteria clog hair follicles. When the follicles open to the skin’s surface, the trapped material oxidizes, turning black. Factors such as hormonal changes, excessive oil production, and improper skin care can exacerbate blackhead formation.

Difference Between Blackheads and Whiteheads

The main difference between blackheads and whiteheads (closed comedones) lies in their exposure to air. Blackheads are open to the skin’s surface, allowing oxidation and giving them a dark appearance. In contrast, whiteheads are closed, trapping the debris beneath the skin’s surface, appearing as small, white bumps.

Home Remedies for Removal Of Blackheads

Cleansing Techniques for Deep Blackhead Removal

Thorough cleansing is crucial. Cleansing prepares the skin for effective blackhead removal. Use a gentle cleanser to remove dirt and excess oil without over-drying the skin.

1. Benefits of Facial Steaming in Deep Blackhead Removal

Facial steaming softens the skin, opens pores, and loosens debris, making blackhead removal easier. However, other effective methods can be employed without steaming. As there are many skin injuries reported from using steaming, it is advisable to use other effective techniques, or if you still want to use the steaming technique effectively, do not expose directly to steam to avoid skin burns and always be advised for spoilage of boiled water when transferring it to your comfort place.

For effective steaming follow the below guide:

  • Cleanse Your Face: Begin by cleansing your face to remove any makeup, dirt, or excess oil. Use a gentle cleanser suitable for your skin type to ensure your skin is thoroughly clean before steaming.
  • Boil Water and Prepare a Steaming Bowl: Boil water and carefully pour it into a large bowl. You can add a few drops of essential oils like tea tree or lavender for added benefits. Place the bowl on a stable surface where you can comfortably lean over it without the risk of tipping it over.
  • Create a Tent with a Towel: Position your face over the steaming bowl and drape a large towel over your head, creating a tent. This helps trap the steam, directing it towards your face. Keep your face at a comfortable distance from the steaming water to avoid burns; usually, 8-12 inches is suitable.
  • Steam Your Face for 5-10 Minutes: Steam your face for about 5-10 minutes. Keep your eyes closed during the process. The steam helps to open up your pores, softening the debris inside blackheads, and making them easier to remove.
  • Be Cautious with Sensitive SkinI: f you have sensitive skin, limit the steaming time to prevent irritation. If you feel uncomfortable at any point, stop immediately and give your skin a break. Oversteaming can lead to redness and dryness.
  • Extraction (Optional): After steaming, use a blackhead extractor tool or your fingers wrapped in tissue to gently press on the blackheads. Apply even pressure to avoid skin damage. Only extract blackheads that are ready to come out easily; do not force them if they resist.
  • Follow with a Toner and Moisturizer:After extraction, use a mild toner to balance your skin’s pH and close the pores. Finish with a lightweight, non-comedogenic moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated without clogging your pores. Additionally, always apply sunscreen if you steam your face during the day to protect your skin from UV damage.

2. Apply Some Blackhead-Clearing Topicals to Your Skin

Alpha Hydroxy Acids:

Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) are natural acids derived from fruits and milk sugars. They exfoliate (as discussed by USFDA) the skin’s surface, helping to unclog pores and prevent blackheads. Products containing glycolic acid (a type of AHA) can be beneficial for deep blackhead removal.

If you are wondering how and when to use Alpha Hydroxy acids products, here is an easy way to do it:

  • Cleanse Your Skin: As discussed earlier start your routine by cleansing your face to remove dirt, makeup, and excess oil. Pat your skin dry gently with a clean towel.
  • Apply AHA Product: Take a small amount of your AHA product and apply it evenly over your face. Avoid the delicate skin around your eyes and lips. Use your fingers to spread it evenly; there’s no need to rub vigorously.
  • Wait for Absorption: Allow the AHA product to be absorbed into your skin. Do not wash it off immediately. Give it a few minutes to work its magic.
  • Moisturize: After the AHA product has been absorbed, apply a gentle, non-comedogenic moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated. This step is crucial, as AHAs can be drying.
  • Sunscreen in the Morning: If you’re using AHAs at night, ensure you wear sunscreen during the day. This is non-negotiable. AHAs make your skin more susceptible to sun damage, so protect it with a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher.
  • Frequency: Initially, use AHAs 2-3 times a week. If your skin tolerates it well without irritation, you can gradually increase the frequency. However, everyone’s skin is different, so pay attention to how your skin reacts and adjust the frequency accordingly.

Overuse can lead to skin sensitivity, so it’s essential to follow the recommended usage guidelines of the product.

Salicylic Acids

Salicylic acid, a beta hydroxy acid (BHA), penetrates oil and exfoliates inside the hair follicles, effectively clearing out debris and preventing further blockage. BHAs are especially useful for deep blackheads.

Before applying salicylic acid to your entire face, conduct a patch test to ensure your skin reacts well to the product. Begin by using it once or twice a week, monitoring your skin’s response. Gradually increase the frequency, ensuring not to overdo it to prevent skin damage.

Use Sun Protection

After any blackhead-clearing treatment, your skin becomes more sensitive to the sun. Therefore, it is crucial to apply sunscreen during the day. Sun protection not only prevents further skin damage but also maintains the effectiveness of your blackhead-clearing efforts. Choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF (Sun Protection Factor) 30. Look for non-comedogenic formulas, ensuring that your pores remain unclogged even while being protected from harmful UV rays.

3. Effective Exfoliation Methods

Home Remedies for Removal Of Blackheads

DIY Exfoliating Scrubs

Natural exfoliating scrubs, like sugar mixed with honey, help remove dead skin cells, preventing blackhead formation. Gently massage the scrub on damp skin to avoid irritation.

  • Choose the Right Exfoliant: Select an exfoliant containing salicylic acid (BHA) for deep blackheads. BHAs penetrate oil and exfoliate inside the hair follicles, helping to clear out debris and prevent further blockage. Always choose Do-it-yourself (DIY) or Over-The-Counter (OTC) products, or use sugar and honey.
  • Patch Test First: Before applying the exfoliant to your entire face, conduct a patch test on a small area to ensure your skin doesn’t react adversely. This step helps avoid irritation or allergic reactions, especially if you have sensitive skin.
  • Start Slowly and Gradually Increase the Frequency: Begin by using the exfoliant once or twice a week. Monitor how your skin reacts. If there’s no irritation, you can gradually increase the frequency, but avoid over-exfoliation, which can lead to skin damage.
  • Apply on Clean, Dry Skin: Use the exfoliant on clean, dry skin. Applying it after cleansing ensures that the active ingredients can penetrate better without any barriers. Avoid using exfoliants immediately after other strong products to prevent irritation.
  • Apply a thin layer, and spread it evenly: Apply a thin layer and spread the exfoliant evenly on your skin. Massage it, but don’t scrub it.
  • Follow with Moisturizer and Sunscreen: After exfoliating, apply a gentle, non-comedogenic moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated. Always finish your skincare routine with sunscreen during the day, as exfoliants can make your skin more sensitive to the sun. Sun protection is crucial to prevent further skin damage.

Chemical Exfoliation: AHAs and BHAs

Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids (BHAs) exfoliate the skin’s surface, unclogging pores and preventing blackheads. Products with glycolic acid (AHA) or salicylic acid (BHA) can be effective but should be used in moderation.

4. Natural Extraction Techniques

Safe Extraction Methods

Use a blackhead extractor tool with a looped end for safe removal. Sterilize the tool, press gently around the blackhead, and roll it out without squeezing too hard to prevent skin damage.

Tools for Safe Blackhead Removal at Home

Apart from extractor tools, pore strips and masks specifically designed for blackhead removal can also be effective. Follow the instructions carefully to avoid skin irritation.

  • Cleanse Your Face: Start by cleansing your face with a mild cleanser to remove any makeup, dirt, and excess oil. Pat your skin dry with a clean towel.
  • Open Your Pores: You can open your pores and soften the blackheads by using a warm, damp cloth or steaming your face for a few minutes. This step is optional but can enhance the mask’s effectiveness.
  • Apply the Mask: Use clean fingers or a brush to apply an even layer of the mask to your face, focusing on the areas where you have deep blackheads. Avoid the delicate skin around your eyes and mouth. Follow the instructions on the mask packaging regarding the application thickness and duration.
  • Allow It to Dry: Let the mask dry completely. This might take about 15-20 minutes, depending on the mask type. Avoid making facial expressions while the mask is drying to prevent cracking.
  • Peel Off or Rinse Off: Depending on the type of mask you’re using, peel it off gently from the edges once it’s completely dry. If it’s a peel-off mask, it should come off relatively easily. If it’s a wash-off mask, rinse it off thoroughly with lukewarm water.
  • Extraction (Optional): After using the mask, if it’s a peel-off mask, you might find that some blackheads are more accessible and can be easily extracted using a blackhead extractor tool. Remember to be gentle and avoid applying excessive pressure.
  • Apply Toner and Moisturizer: After removing the mask and extracting blackheads (if needed), apply a toner to balance your skin’s pH. Follow up with a lightweight, non-comedogenic moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated without clogging your pores.
  • Repeat Regularly: For the best results, use the mask once a week or as recommended on the product label. Consistent use over time can help minimize the appearance of deep blackheads and prevent their recurrence.

What Not to Do for the Removal of Deep Blackheads

Avoid Harsh Scrubbing and Over-Exfoliation

Harsh scrubbing can damage the skin’s protective barrier, leading to irritation and worsening blackheads.

Over-exfoliation can strip the skin of natural oils, causing increased oil production and exacerbating blackhead formation. Opt for gentle exfoliation methods.

Steer Clear of Squeezing or Picking Blackheads

Squeezing or picking at blackheads with nails or unclean tools can cause inflammation, redness, and scarring. It can also push the debris deeper into the follicle, making blackheads more difficult to remove. Avoid this habit to prevent worsening the condition.

Importance of Not Using DIY Tools Incorrectly

While DIY tools are available, using them incorrectly can lead to injuries, infections, or broken capillaries. If you’re not sure how to use these tools properly, it’s best to leave blackhead removal to professionals or use safer alternatives like pore strips.

Home Remedies That Can Be Harmful

Caution Against Harsh Chemicals

Home Remedies That Can Be Harmful

Certain home remedies, such as lemon juice or undiluted tea tree oil, can be too harsh for the skin. They might cause chemical burns or allergic reactions, worsening the condition. Always dilute strong ingredients and perform a patch test before applying them to your face.

Some medications discussed in a 2018 study show that they may cause skin irritation. These may include:

  • Azelaic acid
  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Retinoids

Potential Dangers of Certain Essential Oils

While some essential oils have antimicrobial properties, they can be irritating when applied directly to the skin. Tea tree oil, for example, can cause redness and itching. If using essential oils, always dilute them in a carrier oil to avoid skin damage.

Harmful Effects of Incorrect Application of Home Remedies

Incorrect application of home remedies, such as leaving masks on too long or using excessive force while scrubbing, can lead to skin irritation. Follow the recommended duration and instructions for any home remedy. If irritation occurs, discontinue use immediately.

The following remedies are thought to be harmful by Healthline as they are too drying and can cause irritation and swelling to the skin.

  • Apple cider vinegar
  • Baking soda
  • Epsom salts
  • Lemon
  • Toothpaste

Home Remedies That Might Not Be Effective

Common Ineffective Remedies

Some popular remedies like toothpaste or baking soda can be too abrasive for the skin, irritating without effectively removing blackheads. It’s essential to choose remedies backed by research and avoid those that lack scientific support.

According to the Healthline, the following remedies and herbs might not always work:

  • Egg whites
  • Green tea
  • Honey
  • Yogurt

Debunking Myths Around Blackhead Removal

Myths like “sun exposure clears blackheads” can harm the skin. In reality, excessive sun exposure can damage the skin and worsen blackheads. Always rely on proven methods and consult skincare professionals for accurate information.

Understanding the Temporary Solutions

Many home remedies offer temporary relief. For example, pore strips can provide instant results but may not prevent blackheads from reoccurring. Understand the limitations of each remedy and focus on long-term solutions for sustainable results.

Preventive Tips For Deep Blackheads

Proper Skincare Regimen for Prevention

  • Suitable Cleansers and Toners: Use a mild, non-comedogenic cleanser to cleanse your face twice daily. Follow up with a gentle toner containing witch hazel or chamomile to tighten pores.
  • Importance of Moisturization: Even oily skin needs moisturization. Choose a lightweight, oil-free moisturizer to hydrate the skin without clogging pores. Properly moisturized skin is less prone to excessive oil production.
  • Remove your makeup before going to bed: Remove all your makeup thoroughly to make your skin clean and avoid excessive accumulation of debris in the pores.

Diet and Lifestyle Factors

  • Balanced Diet for Healthy Skin: Consume a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Avoid excessive consumption of processed foods, sugar, and dairy, as they can contribute to skin issues.
  • Importance of Hydration and Exercise: Drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep the skin hydrated from within. Regular exercise improves blood circulation, promoting healthier skin. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise most days of the week.

Stress Management and Its Impact on Skin Health

Stress triggers hormonal imbalances, leading to increased oil production and skin problems. Practice stress-reducing activities such as meditation, yoga, or hobbies you enjoy. Adequate sleep is also crucial for skin rejuvenation.

How do you get rid of deep blackheads naturally?

How do you get rid of deep blackheads naturally?

Natural methods include regular cleansing, exfoliation, and using natural ingredients like honey and clay masks. Regular skincare routine and patience are key.

  • Apply a thin layer of clay mask to your face.
  • Leave the mask for 15 minutes
  • Then rinse your face thoroughly with lukewarm water.

How do you dissolve deep blackheads?

Deep blackheads can be dissolved with proper exfoliation and extraction techniques. Regular use of salicylic acid-based products can help dissolve the debris within the follicles.

How do you drain blackheads?

Blackheads can be gently drained using a blackhead extractor tool. Soften the skin with warm water or a damp cloth before extraction to make the process easier. It is advisable to do it by your dermatologist or aesthetician.

Why do blackheads go so deep?

Deep blackheads occur when the hair follicle opening is wide, allowing the debris to accumulate deeper. Hormonal factors and genetics also play a role in the depth of blackheads.

What happens to blackheads if not removed?

If left untreated, blackheads can enlarge pores, leading to an uneven skin texture. They can also become inflamed, causing redness and discomfort.

What softens blackheads for removal?

Warm water or steam softens blackheads, making them easier to remove. Using warm compresses or taking a warm shower before blackhead removal can facilitate the process.


Understanding blackheads and employing safe, home remedies for removal of blackheads techniques is essential in the pursuit of clear, healthy skin. By avoiding harmful practices, debunking myths, and focusing on prevention through proper skincare, diet, and stress management, individuals can achieve and maintain a clearer complexion. Remember, patience and consistency are key when dealing with blackheads, and always consult a dermatologist if you are uncertain about the best approach for your skin.

Also Read: Unveiling the Delights and Benefits of Ashwagandha Tea

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